What Are The 11 Protected Classes?

What are protected classes in the US?

Applicants, employees and former employees are protected from employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, sexual orientation, or gender identity), national origin, age (40 or older), disability and genetic information (including family medical history)..

Is age a legally protected status?

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) forbids age discrimination against people who are age 40 or older. It does not protect workers under the age of 40, although some states have laws that protect younger workers from age discrimination.

What is legally protected status?

Protected Status is a Legally Defined Term. Unlawful discrimination is conduct that denies or limits a person’s full and equal access to participate in, or benefit from education and/or employment programs, services or activities because of decisions made on the basis of that person’s protected status(es).

What races are considered protected class?

Everyone is protected from race and color discrimination Whites, Blacks, Asians, Latinos, Arabs, American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders, persons of more than one race, and all other persons, whatever their race, color, or ethnicity.

Are females a protected class?

Protected Class: The groups protected from the employment discrimination by law. These groups include men and women on the basis of sex; any group which shares a common race, religion, color, or national origin; people over 40; and people with physical or mental handicaps.

What are protected traits?

In employment law, a trait that may not be the basis of employment decisions. Under federal law, protected characteristics include race, color, national origin, religion, gender (including pregnancy), disability, age (if the employee is at least 40 years old), and citizenship status.

What are the 10 protected characteristics?

What are protected characteristics?age.disability.gender reassignment.marriage and civil partnership.pregnancy and maternity.race.religion or belief.sex.More items…

Who is not protected by fair housing?

Race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, national origin. Although some interest groups have tried to lobby to include sexual orientation and marital status, these aren’t protected classes under the federal law, but are sometimes protected by certain local state fair housing laws. 4.

Are parents a protected class?

Under federal law, being a parent is not a protected trait. However, sex is a protected trait. So, an employer that treats parents differently based on their gender or on gender-based stereotypes might be engaged in illegal sex discrimination.

What age is considered protected class?

40 yearsThe Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) protects certain applicants and employees 40 years of age and older from discrimination on the basis of age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, or terms, conditions or privileges of employment.

Can you fire someone in a protected class?

Protect Against Wrongful Termination Suits Just because an employee or job candidate is in a protected class doesn’t mean they’re immune from termination or that you must hire them. But, be careful that you’re not discriminating or giving anyone the perception that you’re discriminating.

Who is covered under the Fair Housing Act?

The Fair Housing Act covers most housing. In very limited circumstances, the Act exempts owner-occupied buildings with no more than four units, single-family houses sold or rented by the owner without the use of an agent, and housing operated by religious organizations and private clubs that limit occupancy to members.

What are the five protected classes under Title VII?

Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 (Pub.

What are the 7 protected classes?

Federal protected classes include:Race.Color.Religion or creed.National origin or ancestry.Sex.Age.Physical or mental disability.Veteran status.More items…

Is everyone in a protected class?

What are the protected classes? Under federal law, employers cannot discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, or disability. The law is not, however, a blanket bar on employers taking into account a person’s membership in one of these groups in all circumstances.

Can my employer ask my race?

Can my employer ask about my national origin? Federal law does not prohibit employers from asking you about your national origin. … For example, your employer may need information about your ethnicity for affirmative action purposes or to comply with government laws that require the reporting of ethnicity information.

Is age protected under the Fair Housing Act?

Age Discrimination The federal Fair Housing Acts do not expressly ban discrimination based on age. Nevertheless, it is definitely forbidden under the broader prohibition against discrimination on the basis of familial status.