Question: Why Were Stone Keep Castles Hard To Attack?

How do you attack a stone keep Castle?

A good way of attacking a stone castle was through mining.

Attackers would dig a tunnel underground up to the castle walls, under the gatehouse if possible.

They would then set a charge and make an explosion which would make the walls crumble and collapse..

How long did it take to build stone castles?

five yearsStone castles were extremely expensive and took a great deal of time to build. If some motte-and-bailey castles could be constructed in less than a month, a medium size stone castle would have taken a minimum of five years to build, while a large size stone castle could take more than a decade.

What was the problem with Motte and Bailey castles?

The major weakness of the motte and bailey castle was the likelihood of the keep rotting or burning down. The solution was to build stone keeps but these could not always be built on the same site since the weight of the stone would sink into the motte.

What replaced castles?

The wooden defences of motte and bailey castles were replaced by walls and towers of stone. … Stone is more durable and resistant than wood and so it became the preferred building materials for castles. Stone castles were built taller and gave better protection against attack, fire and cold rainy weather.

How were moats filled with water?

Moats filled with water were usually supplied by a nearby source of water, such as a spring, lake, or river. Dams could be built that would control the level of water in the moat. While some fancy moats may have had stone sides, most moats had simple banks of earth left over from when they were dug.

Why are stone keep castles effective?

Stone is more durable and resistant than wood and so it became the preferred building materials for castles. Stone castles were built taller and gave better protection against attack, fire and cold rainy weather. … Stone castles replaced the motte and bailey castles but the stone castles also changed over time.

What were some of the drawbacks of using a castle for defense?

What were some of the drawbacks of using a castle for defense? People would not be able to leave the grounds, they could run out of food/water, many people living together at one time. Peasants would come onto the castle grounds for protection from war.

How can castles be attacked?

There are a number of ways of assaulting a castle: over the top of the walls using towers or ladders, under the walls using a mine, or through the walls using a battering ram, pickaxes or other tools.

Who survived stone keep castles?

The Normans were master castle builders. After 1066, England witnessed a massive castle building programme on the orders of William the Conqueror. First, motte and bailey castles were built. Once William had firmly established his rule in England, he built huge stone keep castles.

How can we protect medieval castles?

How to defend a castleBuilding up high. Building a castle up high made it difficult for enemies to get to the castle. … Tall towers. Strong towers were added to curtain walls to watch out for enemies. … Battlements. Battlements were walls on the roof of a castle. … Arrow slits. … Moat. … Drawbridge. … Portcullis. … Dungeons.

How do castles defend themselves?

The top of the castle walls were the battlements, a protective, tooth shaped parapet often with a wall walk behind it for the soldiers to stand on. The defenders could fire missiles through gaps (crenels). The raised sections between, called merlons, helped to shelter the defenders during an enemy attack.

Why did they stop building castles?

Why did they stop building castles? Castles were great defences against the enemy. However, when gunpowder was invented the castles stopped being an effective form of defence. … The medieval castle with its high vertical walls was no longer the invincible fortification it had been.

What are the strengths and weaknesses of concentric castles?

Caernarfon Castle even had towers built within its towers, which made them an incredibly strong defence. While considered strong, concentric castles did have two major weaknesses: They were incredibly expensive to build and they made it hard for troops to engage from a safe position.

What are the weaknesses of a stone keep Castle?

However there still remained a number of weaknesses within the design of these castles. Stone keeps are square and an attacker could, if they were fortunate enough to get close enough, mine underneath a corner and wait for the weight of the castle to bring the walls caving in.

What are the disadvantages of concentric castles?

At a glance: the disadvantages of concentric castlesThey were phenomenally expensive to build – this can’t be overstated!They took significant time to build – they needed years, rather than just weeks for basic motte-and-bailey castle.More items…

What were the 4 main reasons that castles were built?

Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defence and safe retreat in the case of attack, defend strategically important sites like river crossings, passages through hills, mountains and frontiers, and as a place of …

What are the 3 types of castles?

The three main types of castles are the motte and bailey castle, the stone keep castle, and the concentric castle.

How do you attack a castle with a moat?

When faced with a wet moat filled with water, the attackers had to resort to other measures. They would build a makeshift bridge and then use it to reach castle walls. Alternatively, they would use barges to sail towards castle walls.